Steel shell or shell and tube steel heat exchangers are used in higher output, often pressure jet boilers. Benefits are lower cost and a wide differential temperature (back in the day only achievable from such boilers). As they corrode readily, they are not suitable for condensing, unless a secondary heat exchanger is used, as in our Melbury C
The first quality of a boiler material that comes to mind is ductility - you want a material that will withstand many,many heating and cooling cycles, with out fatiguing and cracking. Strength is almost secondary - the strength of a boiler is in its structure. Up to about 5 1/2 - 6" diameter and 100 PSI copper has many advantages,above that,low carbon steel is the material of choice. I worked as a â€¦
OverviewHeating boilers are also classified as to the method of manufacture, i.e., by casting (cast iron boilers) or fabrication (steel boilers). Those that are cast usually use iron, bronze, or brass in their construction. Those that are fabricated use steel, copper, or brass, with steel being the most common material.
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Shell and tube boilers are also referred to as fire tube or smoke tube boilers. Fire tube boilers; contain long steel tubes through which the hot gasses from a furnace pass and around which the water to be converted to steam circulates. Fire tube boilers, typically have a lower initial cost, are more fuel efficient and easier to operate.